BETs and CAs in this Category

You Are In: All categories » Topic » Paediatrics
Paediatrics » Resuscitation
  Blue: submitted but not checked   Broselow tape or APLS formula to estimate weight in children
  Green: complete   Albumin infusions in hypoalbuminaemic children with oncological disease did not affect colloid osmotic pressure or outcome
  Blue: submitted but not checked   Ethyl chloride for emergency paediatric intravenous cannulation
  Green: complete   Does dexamethasone improve blood pressure in hypotensive ill neonates?
  Green: complete   Oral sucrose reduces the pain of neonatal procedures
  Blue: submitted but not checked   Bicarbonate therapy in children with DKA
  BET Title Available 149 Months   Suction at perineum of neonates with meconium stained liquor
  Green: complete   In a preterm infant, does blood transfusion increase the risk of necrotizing enterocolitis?
  Green: complete   In patients with spontaneous pneumothorax, does treatment with oxygen increase resolution rate?
  Green: complete   Atropine: Re-evaluating its use during pediatric RSI
  Green: complete There are 1 critical appraisals linked to this BET Is elective high-frequency oscillatory ventilation better than conventional mechanical ventilation in very low-birth-weight-infants?
  Green: complete   What is the use of the glass test?
  Green: complete   Two thumb versus two finger CPR in infants
  Green: complete   Does early administration of dexamethasone improve neurological outcome in children with meningococcal meningitis?
  Blue: submitted but not checked   Naso-gastric rehydration in children
  Blue: submitted but not checked   Do polyethylene wraps achieve temperature control in preterm infants in delivery room?
  Blue: submitted but not checked   Is newborn resuscitation in 21% air associated with adverse neurodevelopment?
  Blue: submitted but not checked   Does prone position improve oxygenation in infants needing respiratory support?
  BET Title Available 129 Months   Delivery room surfactant vs intensive care surfactant
  BET Title Available 129 Months   Does CPAP in delivery room decrease chronic lung disease?
  BET Title Available 45 Months   How accurate is capillary refill time at measuring shock in infants and children?
  Green: complete   Is an intravenous fluid bolus of albumin or normal saline beneficial in the treatment of metabolic acidosis in a normovolaemic newborn?
  Green: complete   Is skin turgor reliable as a means of assessing hydration status in children?
  Red: incomplete   Anion gap is a screening tool for elevated lactate with risk of sepsis
  Blue: submitted but not checked   The Use of Automatic External Defibrillators in Children
  Green: complete   Should premedication be used for semi-urgent or elective intubation in neonates?
  Green: complete   Should critically ill patients be routinely transfused to a normal haemoglobin level?
  Blue: submitted but not checked   High dose caffeine for extubation of preterm infants
  Green: complete   Do cuffed endotracheal tubes increase the risk of airway mucosal injury and post-extubation stridor in children?
  Green: complete   Emergency caesarean section in cardiac arrest before the 3rd trimester.
  Green: complete   What is the effect of cardiopulmonary resuscitation at birth on extremely premature infants?
  Green: complete   Is intravenous immunoglobulin superior to exchange transfusion in the management of hyperbilirubinaemia in term neonates?
  Green: complete   Therapeutic hypothermia for paediatric traumatic brain injury within 8 hr
  Green: complete   Is capillary refill time a useful marker of haemodynamic status in neonates?
  Green: complete   What is the effect of family presence on the efficacy of pediatric trauma resuscitation?
  Green: complete   Should carbon dioxide detectors be used to check correct placement of endotracheal tubes in preterm and term neonates?

Generic appraisals

Marinelli G, Chiappini B, Di Eusanio M et al.
critical appraisals
Bypass Grafting with coronary endarterectomy: immediate and long-term results
Cohort
Puskas JD, Williams, Duke PG et al.
critical appraisals
Off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting provides complete revascularization with reduced myocardial injury,transfusion requirements, and length of stay: a single blind RCT
Randomised control trial
Rebecca K. Fastle and Mark G. Roback.
critical appraisals
Pediatric rapid sequence intubation: Incidence of reflex bradycardia and effects of pretreatment with atropine.
Cohort
Kirkpatrick AW
critical appraisals
Hand-held Thoracic Sonography for Detecting Post-Traumatic Pneumothoraces: the Extended Focused Assessment with Sonography for Trauma (EFAST)
Diagnosis
Baker R.C, Tiller T., Bausher J. et al
critical appraisals
Severity of Disease correlated with fever reduction in febrile infants
Cohort
Paediatrics » The febrile child
  Blue: submitted but not checked   Ibuprofen is probably better than Paracetamol in reducing fever in children
  Blue: submitted but not checked   Is fanning therapy effective in childhood pyrexias
  Green: complete   Are routine chest x-rays helpful in the management of febrile neutropenia?
  Green: complete   Should a neonate with possible late onset infection always have a lumbar puncture?
  BET Title Available 157 Months   Does HIV in mothers predispose to problems with BCG immunisation in their children?
  Green: complete   Should tympanic temperature measurement be trusted?
  Green: complete   Should preterm neonates with a central venous catheter (CVC) and coagulase negative staphylococcal (CoNS) bacteremia be treated without removal of the catheter?
  Blue: submitted but not checked   Lumbar puncture after febrile convulsion
  Blue: submitted but not checked   Is once daily dosing of Gentamicin equally safe and effective as multiple dosing in neonates?
  Blue: submitted but not checked   Duration of observation for children with febrile convulsions.
  Blue: submitted but not checked   Tepid sponging in the febrile child
  Green: complete   Are follow up chest X-rays helpful in the management of children recovering from pneumonia?
  Green: complete   Are newer macrolides effective in eradicating carriage of Pertussis?
  Green: complete   Accuracy of negative dipstick urinalysis in ruling out urinary tract infection in adults
  Blue: submitted but not checked   In a febrile child, how useful C-reactive protein is in differentiating between acute bacterial and viral otitis media?
  Green: complete   In children under age three does procalcitonin help exclude serious bacterial infection in fever without focus?
  BET Title Available 140 Months   Identification of meningococcus from skin scrapings without LP
  Yellow: electronic pre-print   Is early use of steroid helpful in preventing subsequent nephropathy in Henoch-Schonlein purpura ?
  Green: complete   Do antipyretics prevent febrile convulsions?
  BET Title Available 86 Months   Lumbar Puncture in Febrile Child with Focal Seizure
  Blue: submitted but not checked   Is a normal WBC enough to rule out septic arthritis?
  Green: complete   Should we screen every child with otitis media with effusion for allergic rhinitis?
  Green: complete   Is routine EEG helpful in the management of complex febrile seizures?
  Green: complete   Should a child with preseptal periorbital cellulitis be treated with intravenous or oral antibiotics?
  Green: complete   Should acyclovir be prescribed for immunocompetent children presenting with chickenpox?
  Blue: submitted but not checked   Duration of Antibiotic Therapy for Suspected Neonatal Sepsis
  Green: complete   How useful is C-reactive protein in detecting occult bacterial infection in young children with fever without apparent focus?
  Blue: submitted but not checked   Is tympanic or oral thermometry more accurate in febrile children?
  Blue: submitted but not checked   UTIs as a cause of febrile convulsions
  Blue: submitted but not checked   Meningitis as a cause of febrile convulsions
  Blue: submitted but not checked   Do all children presenting with their first febrile convulsion need hospital admission?
  Blue: submitted but not checked   Are prolonged febrile convulsions associated with recurrent febrile convulsions?
  Green: complete   Distinguishing between septic arthritis of the hip and transient synovitis in children
  Green: complete   Are meningeal irritation signs reliable in diagnosing meningitis in children?
  Green: complete   Rapid Influenza Testing Of Febrile children in the Emergency Department
  Green: complete There are 1 critical appraisals linked to this BET Honey for the Symptomatic Relief of Cough in Children with Upper Respiratory Tract Infections
  Green: complete   Role of antibiotic line locks in the treatment of infected central venous access devices in children
  Green: complete   How effective is varicella-zoster immunoglobulin (VZIG) in preventing chickenpox in neonates following perinatal exposure?
  Green: complete   Can pneumonia caused by penicillin-resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae be treated with penicillin?
  Green: complete   How common is co-existing meningitis in infants with urinary tract infection?

Generic appraisals

Puskas JD, Williams, Duke PG et al.
critical appraisals
Off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting provides complete revascularization with reduced myocardial injury,transfusion requirements, and length of stay: a single blind RCT
Randomised control trial
Kirkpatrick AW
critical appraisals
Hand-held Thoracic Sonography for Detecting Post-Traumatic Pneumothoraces: the Extended Focused Assessment with Sonography for Trauma (EFAST)
Diagnosis
Baker R.C, Tiller T., Bausher J. et al
critical appraisals
Severity of Disease correlated with fever reduction in febrile infants
Cohort
Paediatrics » Genitourinary system
  Green: complete   Clean catch urine or bag specimen in UTI in non toilet trained children?
  Blue: submitted but not checked   Is Cefalexin better than trimethoprim for treating UTI in children?
  Green: complete   Negative urinalysis to exclude urinary tract infection in children
  Green: complete   Ultrasound in the diagnosis of testicular torsion
  Green: complete   Is silver nitrate the best agent for management of umbilical granulomas?
  BET Title Available 118 Months   Spontaneous pneumothorax in a neonate and association with renal malformations
  Green: complete   Accuracy of negative dipstick urinalysis in ruling out urinary tract infection in adults
  Green: complete   Ice, pins or sugar to reduce paraphimosis
  Yellow: electronic pre-print   Is early use of steroid helpful in preventing subsequent nephropathy in Henoch-Schonlein purpura ?
  Green: complete   Ultrasonography to rule out renal malformations in newborns with isolated preauricular tags/pits
  BET Title Available 129 Months   Is anticoagulation therapy effective in neonatal renal vein thrombosis
  Green: complete   Are routine urine cultures helpful in the management of asymptomatic infants or preschool children with a previous urinary tract infection?
  BET Title Available 35 Months   Can urinary myoglobin assay be used to assess the risk of developing acute renal failure in patients with rhabdomylosis
  Blue: submitted but not checked   Trimethoprim vs Nitrofurantoin in the treatment of UTI in children
  Blue: submitted but not checked   Is a short course of antibiotics better than a long course in the treatment of UTI in children
  Blue: submitted but not checked There are 3 critical appraisals linked to this BET Is microscopy better than urine dipstick testing at identifying a UTI in children
  Blue: submitted but not checked There are 1 critical appraisals linked to this BET Incidence of significant GU abnormality in children <2years with proven UTI
  Blue: submitted but not checked   In younger adults with haematuria is it more appropriate to refer to a urologist or a nephrologist?
  Green: complete   Does daily prednisolone reduce the risk of relapse secondary to viral infections in steroid-dependant nephrotic syndrome?
  Green: complete   Urethral catheter or suprapubic aspiration to reduce contamination of urine samples in young children?
Paediatrics » Respiratory system » Infection
  Green: complete   No difference between oral and nebulised steroids in croup
  Green: complete   No difference was shown between nebulized epinephrine and nebulized budesonide in moderately severe croup.
  Green: complete   Does nebulised adrenaline reduce admission rate in bronchiolitis?
  Green: complete   Dose of dexamethasone in croup
  Green: complete   Are follow up chest X-rays helpful in the management of children recovering from pneumonia?
  Green: complete   Are newer macrolides effective in eradicating carriage of Pertussis?
  Green: complete   Are methylxanthines effective in preventing or reducing apnoeic spells in infants with bronchiolitis?
  Green: complete   Type of oral coticosteroid in mild to moderate croup
  Green: complete   Is nebulised salbutamol indicated in bronchiolitis?
  Green: complete   Chest physiotherapy is not useful in bronchiolitis.
  Blue: submitted but not checked   In a febrile child, how useful C-reactive protein is in differentiating between acute bacterial and viral otitis media?
  Green: complete   Is nasogastric fluid therapy a safe alternative to the i.v. route in infants with bronchiolitis?
  Green: complete   Can surfactant cure babies with severe bronchiolitis?
  Blue: submitted but not checked   Humidified air is not indicated for mild to moderate croup
  Blue: submitted but not checked   Steroid administration in children with croup: an update.
  Blue: submitted but not checked   Does palivizumab prevent serious respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection in bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) infants?
  BET Title Available 121 Months   How useful is breast feeding in protecting infants against respiratory and gastrointestinal infections?
  Yellow: electronic pre-print   Do Leukotriene receptor antagonists reduce the clinical severity in acute bronchiolitis?
  Blue: submitted but not checked   Do recombinant DNAse improve clinical outcome in an infant with RSV positive bronchiolitis?
  Blue: submitted but not checked   Do oral steroids help in viral induced wheeze in preschool children admitted to hospital?
  Blue: submitted but not checked   How effective is the diphtheria vaccine?
  Green: complete   Can throat examination distinguish between bacterial and viral infective agents?
  Green: complete   Nebulised hypertonic saline significantly decreases length of hospital stay and reduces symptoms in children with bronchiolitis
  Green: complete There are 1 critical appraisals linked to this BET Honey for the Symptomatic Relief of Cough in Children with Upper Respiratory Tract Infections
  Green: complete   Can pneumonia caused by penicillin-resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae be treated with penicillin?
  Green: complete   Is oral prednisolone as effective as oral dexamethasone in treating mild to moderate croup? An update
  Green: complete   Are oral antibiotics as efficacious as intravenous antibiotics for the treatment of community acquired pneumonia?
  Green: complete   Is measurement of the lymphocyte count useful in the investigation of suspected pertussis in infants?
Paediatrics » Neurological system » Fits
  Green: complete   Phenytoin or paraldehyde as the second drug for convulsions in children
  Green: complete   Lorazepam or diazepam in paediatric status elipticus
  Green: complete   Intranasal midazolam or rectal diazepam in patients with fits
  Green: complete   Phenytoin in traumatic brain injury
  Blue: submitted but not checked   Duration of observation for children with febrile convulsions.
  Green: complete   Do antipyretics prevent febrile convulsions?
  Green: complete   Buccal midazolam as an alternative to rectal diazepam for prolonged seizures in childhood and adolescence
  Blue: submitted but not checked   Does oral diazepam prevent febrile convulsions in children?
  Blue: submitted but not checked   Is lignocaine effective in the treatment of convulsive status epilepticus in children?
  Green: complete   Is routine EEG helpful in the management of complex febrile seizures?
  Blue: submitted but not checked   At what serum bilirubin level should physiological jaundice be treated?
  Blue: submitted but not checked   Neonatal cranial ultrasound as a predictor of longterm neurodevelopmental outcome in a preterm or low birth weight infants
  Blue: submitted but not checked   Is routine serum biochemistry helpful in the management of a child with unprovoked seizure?
  Green: complete   Efficacy of vagal nerve stimulation in children with medically intractable epilepsy
  Green: complete   Should a child with ADHD and epilepsy be given Ritalin?
  Green: complete   Should phenytoin and carbamazepine be avoided in Asian populations with the HLA-B*1502 positive genetic variant?
  Green: complete   Is cerebral function monitoring as accurate as conventional EEG in the detection of neonatal seizures?
  Green: complete   Chloral hydrate or midazolam: which is better for sedating children for painless diagnostic imaging?