BETs and CAs in this Category

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  Green: complete   The prehospital use of pneumatic anti-shock garments
  BET Title Available 121 Months   Ultrasonography or diagnostic Peritoneal lavage in abdominal trauma
  Green: complete   Cervical collars and intracranial pressure
  Green: complete   Chest drains in traumatic occult pneumothorax
  Green: complete   Factor VIIa for intractable blood loss in trauma
  Green: complete   Computer tomography and the exclusion of upper cervical spine injury in trauma patients with altered mental state
  Green: complete   Is the central venous pressure reading equally reliable if the central line is inserted via the femoral vein
  BET Title Available 82 Months   Neurological Outcome with Mechanical CPR
  Green: complete   Does it matter whether a chest drain is aimed upwards or downwards for the optimum drainage of fluid or air from the pleural cavity ?
  Green: complete   Bone Injection Gun Placement of Intraosseous Needles
  Blue: submitted but not checked   Does needle always mean tube after suspected tension pneumothorax?
  Green: complete   Use of end-tidal carbon dioxide indicators in prehospital intubations will reduce the number of incorrectly placed endotracheal tubes
  Green: complete   Serum lactate as a marker for mortality in patients presenting to the emergency department with trauma
  Green: complete   The use of tocolytic therapy in a pregnant trauma patient
  Green: complete   Using ultrasound to detect peritoneal fluid in a pregnant patient with abdominal trauma
  Green: complete   Blood component therapy in trauma patients requiring massive transfusion
  Green: complete   Hypertonic sodium solutions vs mannitol in reducing ICP in traumatic brain injury
  Green: complete   Does the ‘Seatbelt Sign’ predict intra-abdominal injury after motor vehicle trauma in children?
Trauma » Head
  Green: complete   Glue is better than sutures for facial lacerations in children
  Green: complete   Vomiting is not an accurate discriminator for serious head injury in children
  Orange: submitted and checked   Post concussional syndrome and minor head injury
  Green: complete   Antibiotics in base of skull fractures
  BET Title Available 98 Months   Mean arterial pressure in isolated head injury
  Green: complete   Lignocaine premedication before rapid sequence induction in head injuries
  Green: complete   Cervical spine protection in gunshot wounds to the head
  Green: complete   Tangential views or computed tomography in suspected depressed skull fracture
  Green: complete   Gum elastic bougies in difficult intubation
  Green: complete   Headache in paediatric head injury
  Green: complete   Indication for brain CT in children with mild head injury update 2008
  Blue: submitted but not checked   Do crash helmets reduce the severity of head injury in adult pedal cyclists
  Green: complete   Cervical collars and intracranial pressure
  Green: complete   Antibiotics in compound depressed skull fractures
  BET Title Available 97 Months   Controlling bleeding in scalp laceration
  Green: complete   Phenytoin in traumatic brain injury
  Green: complete   Staples may be more effective and quicker than sutures in children with scalp lacerations
  Blue: submitted but not checked   In adults with mild head injury and a GCS 13-15 is vomiting a clinical indicator for the use of CT?
  Green: complete   Difficult intubation, the bougie and the stylet
  BET Title Available 143 Months   Analgesia in Head Injury
  Green: complete   Computer tomography and the exclusion of upper cervical spine injury in trauma patients with altered mental state
  Blue: submitted but not checked   Do anticoagulated patients who sustain a minor head injury require a CT scan to rule out intra-cranial injury?
  Blue: submitted but not checked   Admission for warfarinised patients post minor head injury?
  BET Title Available 72 Months   is routine prophylaxis indicated in pts with severe head injury to prevent post injury epilepsy
  Blue: submitted but not checked   Long Term Disability After Minor Head Injury
  BET Title Available 131 Months   Intracranial Pressure Monitoring In Head injury patients in ICU
  Green: complete   S-100b protein levels as a predictor for long-term disability after head injury
  Green: complete   Aspirin and the risk of intracranial complications following head injury
  Blue: submitted but not checked   Ear Foreign Body Removal
  BET Title Available 105 Months   In warfarinised patients with significant head injury, does immediate warfarin reversal do more harm than good
  Green: complete   Rapid sequence induction in the emergency department by emergency medicine personnel
  Green: complete   Caffeine in the prophylaxis of post lumbar puncture headache.
  Green: complete   Therapeutic hypothermia for paediatric traumatic brain injury within 8 hr
  Green: complete   GlideScope in the Emergency Department
  Green: complete   Observation is recommended even following a normal CT brain in warfarinised head injuries
  Green: complete   Hypertonic sodium solutions vs mannitol in reducing ICP in traumatic brain injury
  Green: complete   Elevation of serum magnesium may improve clinical outcome after aneursymal subarachnoid haemorrhage
  Green: complete   Should carbamazepine be administered to manage agitation and aggressive behaviour following paediatric acquired brain injury?
  Green: complete   Is ketamine a viable induction agent for the trauma patient with potential brain injury.
Trauma » Spine
  BET Title Available 68 Months   Prophylactic gastroprotection in all adult orthopaedic trauma patients receiving low molecular weight heparin and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory analgesia?
  Green: complete   Steroids in acute spinal cord injury
  Green: complete   Spinal boards or vacuum mattresses for immobilisation
  Green: complete   Cervical collars and intracranial pressure
  Green: complete   Swimmers view or supine oblique views to visualise the cervicothoracic junction
  Green: complete   Need for cervical spine imaging for alert children after trauma
  Green: complete   Cervical spine imaging in children under 9 after trauma
  Blue: submitted but not checked   High dose steroids for whiplash
  Blue: submitted but not checked   Plain radiography is not indicated as 1st choice imaging modality in children with non-traumatic back pain
  Blue: submitted but not checked   NAC to the rescue again...? Prevention of contrast-induced nephropathy in patients with established renal impairment.
  Orange: submitted and checked   Acupuncture for neck pain
  Blue: submitted but not checked   Can we assess the prognosis for whiplash soon after the injury?
  Orange: submitted and checked   Manipulation and/or exercise for neck pain?
  Orange: submitted and checked   Prognosis in acute non-traumatic simple lower back pain
  Red: incomplete   Manipulation and mobilisation in acute low back pain
  Orange: submitted and checked   Massage for chronic low back pain
  Orange: submitted and checked   Laser for the treatment of chronic low back pain
  Blue: submitted but not checked   TENS for lower back pain
  Blue: submitted but not checked   Muscle relaxants for acute low back pain
  Blue: submitted but not checked   Strong opiates in the treatment of acute low back pain
  Blue: submitted but not checked   NSAIDS in acute low back pain
  Blue: submitted but not checked   Acupuncture in acute back pain
  Green: complete   Do bisphosphonates relieve pain caused by acute osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures?
  Green: complete   Is Cervical spine protection always necessary following penetrating neck injury
Trauma » Chest
  Green: complete   Admission not needed for uncomplicated sternal fractures
  Green: complete   Is a chest drain necessary in stable patients with traumatic pneumothorax?
  Green: complete   Antibiotics in patients with isolated chest trauma requiring chest drains
  Green: complete   Does plain radiography predict pneumothorax size?
  BET Title Available 97 Months   To chest drain or not to chest drain (haemothorax)
  Green: complete   Chest drains in traumatic occult pneumothorax
  Green: complete   Seldinger technique chest and complication rate
  Green: complete   Transthoracic ultrasonography to diagnose pneumothorax in trauma
  Blue: submitted but not checked   Stable Traumatic Pneumopericardium – Operate or Hesitate?
  Orange: submitted and checked   Normal PaO2 on air and normal clinical examination to rule out traumatic pneumothorax
  Green: complete   Use of troponin for the diagnosis of myocardial contusion after blunt chest trauma
  Green: complete   Epidural analgesia/anaesthesia versus systemic intravenous opioid analgesia in the management of blunt thoracic trauma.
  BET Title Available 141 Months   CXR or CT in Blunt chest trauma?
  BET Title Available 141 Months   Chest X Ray, rib fracture and exclusion pneumothorax
  BET Title Available 26 Months   Accuracy of a chest x-ray in diagnosing dissecting thoracic aneurysm.
  Blue: submitted but not checked   Is conservative management of stab wounds better than wound closure?
  BET Title Available 127 Months   Should prophylactic antibiotics be prescribed for rib fractures to prevent infective complications in patients with concurrent chest problems
  BET Title Available 121 Months   Is bubble jet CPAP more effective in respiratory distress syndrome?
  Green: complete   Does it matter whether a chest drain is aimed upwards or downwards for the optimum drainage of fluid or air from the pleural cavity ?
  Blue: submitted but not checked   Does needle always mean tube after suspected tension pneumothorax?
  BET Title Available 88 Months   The accuracy of echocardiography in the diagnosis of traumatic pericardial tamponade.
  BET Title Available 102 Months   To intubate or not to intubate - management of multiple rib fractures
  Green: complete   Use of pericardiocentesis for patients with cardiac tamponade in penetrating chest trauma
  Green: complete   Is ultrasound or chest x-ray best for the diagnosis of pneumothorax in the emergency department?
  Green: complete   Nicardipine hydrochloride for hypertensive crisis in patients with aortic dissection
  Green: complete   Does combined oral dexamethasone and epinephrine inhalation help infants with bronchiolitis to recover faster?

Generic appraisals

Marinelli G, Chiappini B, Di Eusanio M et al.
critical appraisals
Bypass Grafting with coronary endarterectomy: immediate and long-term results
Cohort
Puskas JD, Williams, Duke PG et al.
critical appraisals
Off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting provides complete revascularization with reduced myocardial injury,transfusion requirements, and length of stay: a single blind RCT
Randomised control trial
Bokhari F, Backenridge S, Ngy K, Roberts R, Smith R, Joseph K, An G, Wiley D, Barrett J.
critical appraisals
Prospective evaluation of the sensitivity of physical examination in chest trauma
Diagnosis
Rebecca K. Fastle and Mark G. Roback.
critical appraisals
Pediatric rapid sequence intubation: Incidence of reflex bradycardia and effects of pretreatment with atropine.
Cohort
Kirkpatrick AW
critical appraisals
Hand-held Thoracic Sonography for Detecting Post-Traumatic Pneumothoraces: the Extended Focused Assessment with Sonography for Trauma (EFAST)
Diagnosis
Kapur N, Cooper J, Rodway C, Kelly J, Guthrie E, Mackway-Jones K.
critical appraisals
Predicting the risk of repetition after self harm: cohort study
Cohort
Baker R.C, Tiller T., Bausher J. et al
critical appraisals
Severity of Disease correlated with fever reduction in febrile infants
Cohort
  Green: complete   Antibiotics are indicated following dog bites
  Green: complete   Tap water is an adequate cleansant for minor wounds
  Green: complete   Steristrips better than sutures for pre-tibial lacerations
  Green: complete   Plain or buffered lignocaine for local anaesthetic
  Green: complete   Management of uncomplicated soft tissue gunshot wounds
  Green: complete   Use of sterile gloves in the treatment of simple wounds
  Blue: submitted but not checked   Management of punch wounds to the MCPJ caused by teeth
  Green: complete   Staples or sutures for repair of scalp laceration in adults
  Green: complete   Staples may be more effective and quicker than sutures in children with scalp lacerations
  Yellow: electronic pre-print   Topical antihistamines for insect bites
  Blue: submitted but not checked   Antitetanus immunisation in the elderly
  Green: complete   Topical anaesthetic versus lidocaine infiltration to allow closure of skin wounds in children
  Blue: submitted but not checked   Nurse practitioners and minor injuries in Emergency Departments
  BET Title Available 39 Months   Management of traumatic pinna haematoma
  Green: complete   Treatment of Jellyfish Stings in UK coastal waters: Vinegar or Sodium Bicarbonate
  Blue: submitted but not checked   Is conservative management of stab wounds better than wound closure?
  Green: complete   Wound closure in animal bites
  Green: complete   Antibiotic prophylaxis for pre-tibial haematomas in the elderly
  Green: complete   Conservative management or suturing for small, uncomplicated hand wounds.
  Red: incomplete   Partial matricectomy and phenolisation is the treatment of choice for ingrowing toe nails?
  Blue: submitted but not checked   Intralesional Corticosteriod Administration is Ineffective in the Treatment of Kerions.
  Yellow: electronic pre-print   TAC or LAT for anaesthetising children's lacerations.
  Red: incomplete   Does topical chloramphenicol reduce scarring when applied to sutured facial wounds ?
  BET Title Available 108 Months   Wound Swabs in Open Fractures
  Green: complete There are 1 critical appraisals linked to this BET Absorbable sutures in pediatric lacerations.